Corns and calluses are areas of hardened tissue that form as a result of increased friction or pressure in the skin and underlying soft tissues. While both have the characteristic hard layers and both can cause considerable discomfort, especially when pressure is applied to the area, corns also usually have a very sensitive central “core” of tissue that can be very tender or sore when touched. Calluses and corns can occur anywhere on the foot, but they’re most common on the tops or sides of the toes and on the fleshy ball portion of the foot just below the area where the toes meet the foot or on or around the heel. Sometimes, a callus may form following a blister. Wearing ill-fitting shoes can contribute to corn and callus formation, and people with certain inherited foot shapes are also more likely to develop these painful conditions. They’re also more common among athletes whose feet are exposed to continual pressure and friction as a result of activity.
Corns and calluses can be gently removed with special techniques designed to get rid of the affected tissue without harming the healthy surrounding tissue. Most of these techniques rely on trimming away the hardened tissue to relieve pain that can be especially evident when walking or wearing shoes. For corns and calluses that recur, wearing special custom orthotics can help by redistributing weight and pressures that cause excess friction in specific areas of the foot. Custom orthotics are made on a patient-by-patient basis using state-of-the-art materials and techniques for a comfortable fit, and they can be crafted to fit just about any shoe type.
Although there are plenty of products on the market that claim to treat corns and calluses at home, including tools that “grind off” hardened tissue, at-home treatment is not advisable since it can result in damage to surrounding healthy tissues and even increase the risk of potentially dangerous infections. Plus, at-home remedies don’t address the underlying cause of corns and calluses, which means they can continue to recur.
Feel free to email us regarding any scheduling or general questions!